Author: Will DuVal

Ghosts of Soviets Past: Do Bulgaria’s Historical Russian Ties Spell Trouble for NATO on the Black Sea Coast?

Editor’s Note: In September 2016, two Army intelligence officers set out on a cross-country expedition across Bulgaria to explore its rich history, its communist past, and what these can tell us about ongoing Russian influence in the NATO member state. In a previous series, they explored the mysterious remnants of Soviet occupation of the Baltic States. This article is the first in a series detailing their Bulgarian journey.   The November election of Rumen Radev as president of Bulgaria has contributed to growing concerns that several former Soviet satellite states are drifting back into the orbit of Putin’s Russia....

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An Outdated Message to Garcia: Why Hubbard’s Essay Needs to be Shelved for Good

Long a staple of military professional reading lists, “A Message to Garcia,” written by Elbert Hubbard continues to be considered among the most important literary works on leadership—and followership. It held a place of prominence on the Marine Corps Commandant’s reading list from the first list in 1989 all the way through 2015. We have both personally witnessed it being praised in various military education and professional development venues. And our experiences raised serious questions about the work’s enduring value. The lesson intended to be derived from the story is unclear, and its applicability to the modern military professional...

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