Irregular Warfare Initiative

Hackers for Hire: Proxy Warfare in the Cyber Realm

Hackers for Hire: Proxy Warfare in the Cyber Realm

In February 2018, the cybersecurity firm FireEye published a report detailing the activities of a hacker group called APT37 (also known as Reaper, TEMP.Reaper, ScarCruft, or Group123), which had...

The Mirage of the Interconnected Battlefield

The Mirage of the Interconnected Battlefield

During an exercise in the California desert in October 2021 a special operations forces team hit the jackpot. Beneath the team’s observation post were almost a hundred enemy vehicles rolling through...

Who Really Chooses to Become a Suicide Bomber?

Who Really Chooses to Become a Suicide Bomber?

Why do suicide bombers sign up for their deadly missions? Beyond promises of paradise, there seems to be little in it for those who die carrying out attacks, while the organization that sent them...

The Future of US Security Force Assistance

The Future of US Security Force Assistance

On November 9, 2021, a panel of scholars and practitioners brought together by the Irregular Warfare Initiative and the West Point Department of Social Sciences International Affairs Forum sought to...

What Have We Learned from Twenty Years of War?

What Have We Learned from Twenty Years of War?

What lessons should the United States and its allies take from twenty years of irregular warfare since 9/11? What will the future of irregular warfare look like? Episode 38 of the Irregular Warfare...

How Not to Build a State

How Not to Build a State

In the fall of 2001, just over a month after the first US troops arrived in the country, the United States and its allies seized control of Afghanistan, driving the Taliban from Kabul and out of...

How to Integrate Competition and Irregular Warfare

How to Integrate Competition and Irregular Warfare

Ever since the 2018 National Defense Strategy, the watchword for the US military has been competition. “Inter-state strategic competition, not terrorism,” the NDS declares, “is now the primary...